Summary: Agriculture has a strong significance for Palestinian identity due to its affiliation to land, cultural heritage and social life. Considering its potential in terms of trade and employment, agriculture has limited impacts on the overall Palestinian economy. It is fundamental for Palestinian policy-makers and international donors to enhance the positive effects that agricultural production could have on Palestinian society.
Introduction: Agricultural land in Palestinian and Israeli administered areas is subject to uncontrolled urban expansion. The natural resources available are getting scarcer and polluted. Palestinians are among the most food dependent in the world and 33% are "food insecure". There is no agricultural growth to speak of; instead, the contribution to Palestinian GDP is decreasing and has dropped from 13% in 1993 to 4.8% in 2009. This decline is due to several factors, particularly Israeli policies of land confiscation and limited control over water resources and market exports. A comprehensive definition of the role of agriculture in Palestine is needed in order to enhance a long-term strategy. Read the full CEPR MEMO